The FREARSON / FREASON DNA
PROJECT has been set up as part of the
Family Tree DNA
has been selected as the testing organisation.
The Project hopes to
reconstruct the genealogical ancestry of the many
Frearson / Frearson family groups that originated in the
British Isles, and their descendants who dispersed
across the globe particularly to the
Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
Progress Update -
STOP PRESS NEWS !! Further test in
progress as of November 2018
Frearson D0 - Families from Ockbrook, Derbyshire
and the Australian Branch show confirmed DNA
the first two DNA tests are now available.
These have confirmed that the UK and the
Australian lines show the same genetic make up
and provide a control profile for the D0 -
Derbyshire line and allow
this family tree to be validated back to the late 1600s.
This also confirms the link to the Australian
line which was previously "validated" by the
acknowledgement of an illegitimate son in the
further test on a member of a Leicestershire L1,
Ratcliffe on the Wreake,
Frearson family now in USA has been
undertaken. The results do not show a
strong match. Further
Leicestershire tests will be needed to determine
whether some - or all - Leicestershire Frearsons
are from a different source, or whether there
was a non-paternity event.
further test on an Leics 15 Leicestershire
family is now in progress [November 2018].
other parts of the Frearson story
can be established soon. Further potential
participants from other Frearson lines are being approached
and the project is being publicised - some
interest has been expressed by further potential
Background to the Frearson DNA
The FREARSON / FREASON DNA PROJECT is
open to all who are interested in working together to
find any common heritage through the sharing of
information and DNA testing.
Hopefully it will be possible to prove a
connection between the
number of descendant families that can be tracked
back to the 1600s to late 1700s in the Derbyshire and
It is accepted that this may be a
long term project owing to the number of family groups
that need to be tested.
It is also hoped that it will be
possible to check any links with the Freer and
Freerstone and similarly named families that are common
in the Leicestershire / Derbyshire areas - and the
[possibly mis-transcribed] Frierson families in USA, and
some Frearsons in the USA with ancestors in the West
Those with possible variant of
surnames such as FRIERSON, FREER, FREESTONE etc are
welcome to join the Project to determine if there is a
shared ancestry with the FREARSON and similarly named
families. If any
Surname variant is missing, there is no reason why it
cannot be included.
Information on the Frearson
Family Tree DNA [FTDNA] offer
discounted test prices for the project's participants.
They send kits
out internationally on a daily basis; with a $6
international shipping fee. All of the results and
tools are available to the Administrator on-line to help
run the project. Currently there are over 5,566
projects underway at Family Tree DNA.
With over 100,000 visitors a month
to their web site, there is an increased chance for
individuals with relevant family names becoming aware of
the Frearson [and variants] Project and joining in.
Apart from the
test fee, there are no project set-up fees, and there is
free analysis of the results and provision of
comparative tools for calculating genetic distance.
Family Tree DNA is backed by the
Molecular Lab for Science and Evolution at the
one of the 5 leading Y-chromosome universities in the
world. They are
the only Genetic Genealogy company supported by one of
these major Y-chromosome labs.
preserve the DNA for 25 years as the technology is in
its infancy and if the DNA is not preserved you can't
refine or retest a sample, especially if the key donor
They also provide haplogroup
information for each person which locates them on the
phylogenic tree of Homo Sapiens.
background information is based on the FTDNA notes:
1. The project objectives
The Y-chromosome is passed from
father to son unchanged, except for the occasional
mutation. Testing the Y-chromosome will provide a
genetic finger print consisting of 12, 25, 37, or 67
comparing this finger print to others with the surname,
it cab be determined whether they are related.
The main objective of the FREARSON
project is to establish how the various FREARSON family
groups are related.
At present, normal Family History
techniques have been able to combine many FREARSON
groups and reduce some 100 or more partial family trees
down to just over 70.
These family groups are from the following
counties [but many now have members overseas]:
Derbyshire 14; Leicestershire 31; Nottinghamshire
[generally later in date, so possibly still able to be
linked] 7; Warwickshire 2; Yorkshire 1; and a possibly
completely separate group of 13 [possibly 10 with
on-going research] families in
In some of these families there are
no known males still living, removing the chance to
test, indeed the programme was spurred on by the death
of a last known Warwickshire Male Frearson last year,
prior to testing.
There are, of course, still a considerable number
of unplaced historic individuals and small family
groups, where there is no possibility of testing, and
conventional searching for links will continue.
The study should also be helpful
Identify others who are related -
Prove or disprove theories regarding ancestors - Solve
brick walls in research - Determine locations for
further research - Validate existing research.
A Surname Project can have multiple
objectives, and these may change over the life of the
Surname Projects start with the objective of identifying
others who are related, and throughout the project the
other objectives are achieved simply as a result of the
2. Selection of 12, 25, 37 or 67
The Surname Project has to decide
whether to test 12, 25, 37 or 67 markers for any
12 markers are sufficient to
determine whether or not two people are genetically
related. In addition, the 12-marker project price
of $99 is more affordable for participants, enabling
recruitment of more participants.
The value of the 25, 37 or 67
marker test occurs when two participants are likely to
be related based on the 12-marker test. When
participants match with the 12-marker test, the test can
be upgraded to 25, 37 or 67 markers.
The objective of upgrading to
additional markers is to further reduce the time frame
of the common ancestor between the matching
common ancestor is also referred to as the Most Recent
Common Ancestor, or MRCA. Typically, participants are
interested in upgrading their 12 marker test when a
Two individuals are considered related for the 12 marker
test if they match 12/12, 11/12, and sometimes with
10/12. In the
first two situations, an upgrade is recommended.
Participants must be direct male
descendents, since the Y-chromosome is passed from
father to son. The
first participant [the Project Coordinator] has already
ordered a 37 marker test, hopefully to establish a
FREARSON identifier [but this has yet to be confirmed by
other tests]. A
further “Derby 0 Frearson tree” participant is to
become involved shortly.
Once testing is established on the
“Derby 0” Frearson line, a list of potential
participants is being compiled.
Those having been
in contact with the Project Coordinator in the past
regarding their family history research will be
As a registered surname project at
Family Tree DNA, the project will receive advantageous
project pricing, a set of tools for the Group
Administrator, plus automatic matching notifications.
Current prices can be obtained from Family Tree DNA.
*Archival storage of DNA samples for 25 years is
included with all of these tests.
New Contacts &
family information are always very welcome. For further
information; or if you would like to assist in
Project or take
part, write or email
Coordinator at the address below.
John P H Frearson
7 Curie Close,